Most employment/labour standards legislation across Canada entitles employees to some type of critical illness leave for a seriously ill or injured child or adult family member, or personal or family responsibility leave to care for ill family members (length of the leave depends on the jurisdiction, can be 16 or 17 weeks for an ill child and 36 or 37 weeks for an adult family member) or in Ontario in addition, 8 weeks of family caregiver leave. All these leave are unpaid.
On August 18, 2020, the Alberta government published an amendment to the Employment Standards (COVID-19 Leave) Regulation, which will take effect on August 15, 2020 and will extend the unpaid job-protected family leave for care of a child due to school or daycare closures or for care for an ill or self-isolating family member to August 2021 due to COVID-19.
However, when they access one of these leaves they may be entitled to the federal EI family caregiver benefits which consist of 35 weeks of benefits to care for or support a seriously ill or injured child under the age of 18 and 15 weeks of benefits to provide care or support to a critically ill or injured adult 18 years of age or older.
In addition, if an employee is caring or supporting a person who has a serious medical condition with a significant risk of death within 26 weeks, caregivers can access compassionate care leave (length of the leave depends on the jurisdiction) and receive up to 26 weeks of EI compassionate care benefit.
To support workers and help businesses keep their employees, the government has established the Canada Emergency Response Benefit (CERB). This taxable benefit provides $2,000 a month for up to four months for workers who lose their income as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The CERB also cover Canadians who have lost their job, are sick, quarantined, or taking care of someone who is sick with COVID-19, as well as working parents who must stay home without pay to care for children who are sick or at home because of school and daycare closures. The CERB applies to wage earners, as well as contract workers and self-employed individuals who will not otherwise be eligible for Employment Insurance (EI). For more see Canada.ca/coronavirus. The CERB is being jointly administered by Service Canada and the Canada Revenue Agency.
Also, see the answers above on what COVID-19 related leaves certain jurisdictions have put in place to see if the new amendments to employment/labour standards legislation apply to caregivers.