What is a collective agreement?
A collective agreement is a written contract of employment between the employees represented by a trade union and the employer. This agreement contains provisions governing the terms and conditions of employment. It also contains the rights, privileges and duties of the employer, the trade union and the employees.
It is a legal and binding document that must be in writing and signed by the employer and the trade union, and agreed to by the employee they represent.
They are also binding for a period of time and include an expiration date. The terms and condition of the agreement may be renegotiated during a collective bargaining once the agreement expires.
Disputes regarding the application or interpretation of the terms of a collective agreement must be resolved by using the grievance procedure contained in the collective agreement.